Taurine is one of the sulphur containing amino acids. It is present in most animal tissues and is particularly abundant in oysters, mussels, bovine bile and human breast milk.
In nature its main role is as a substrate in the conjugation of bile acids in the liver. It is abundant in human breast milk and is thought to be important in infant brain and retinal development. Research also suggests that it might also protect cell membranes from toxic substances. In fish it is thought to be an osmoregulator of cell volume.
NZP manufactures taurine from ox bile.
Use of Chemical
Taurine is used in a number of different products. The main use is in infant formula to make it more like human milk (cow's milk is deficient in taurine). Taurine is also used in a wide variety of different functional drinks, ranging from "smart drinks" in Europe to "energy tonics" in Asia and is often used in conjunction with caffeine. In Asia it is also used for the prevention of the side effects from excess alcohol consumption.
- CAS Number: 107-35-7
- Molecular Weight: 125
- Solubility: Water soluble
- Packaging: Natural taurine is sealed in a polyethylene liner and packed in 25kg fibre drums. Customer specific packaging can be provided.